Your guide to vaginal infections

Very often women suffer from uncomfortable vaginal infections. Also known as Vaginitis, can cause pain, discomfort and even itching in the private area. In this article, I will give an overview of these infections and will discuss treatment options.

dr karen.webp
Karine Chahda
Published on:Jun 6th 2023 |Updated on:Mar 10th 2024
الالتهابات النسائية

Vaginal infection or UTI?

Vaginal infections and urinary tract infections are different. However, a vaginal infection can travel into the urinary tract and cause an infection, both infections can cause a burning sensation when peeing, therefore a medical examination and laboratory testing are required to determine the type of infection.

Types of Vaginitis

  • Bacterial.
  • Fungal.
  • Viral.

The type of infection is determined by physical examination and lab tests, where tissue from the vagina is analyzed.


  • Increase in vaginal discharge.
  • Discharge that has a foul smell, that sometimes resembles fish smell.
  • White or green discharge.
  • The vaginal discharge may be thick.
  • Vaginal itching.
  • Pain during intercourse.
  • Burning when urinating.
  • Vaginal bleeding.

Causes of vaginal infections

  • Douching.
  • Wearing tight underwear.
  • Tampons and feminine pads when they are not changed regularly.
  • Weakened immunity, that allows the overgrowth of vaginal bacteria and fungi.
  • Taking antibiotics like Amoxicillin.
  • Diabetes.
  • Recurrent constipation.
  • Some STDs such as HPV.

 It is noteworthy that if the health care provider determined that the cause of the vaginal infection is an STD, both husband and wife must be treated. I would also like to highlight the importance of premarital medical tests, that can detect STDs and help treat them.

Vaginal infections treatment

The treatment depends on the cause, it can be antiviral medication, antibiotics, or antifungal treatment. Medication can be either pills or vaginal suppositories. It is also recommended to follow a healthy lifestyle, avoid sugary and processed food, and prioritize personal hygiene. Women and girls need to always wipe front to back to avoid spreading bacteria into the vagina. It is also important to dry the private area very well after washing it, a damp environment is a breeding ground for bacteria and fungi.


Untreated vaginal infections can cause cervical cancer and even infertility. In some cases, doctors sever a part of the cervix to treat cervical cancer which leads to premature labor.

Check out Post c-section dos and don’ts


dr karen.webp
Karine ChahdaMidwife Nurse

A new mom and Licenced Midwife, she holds a degree from the Lebanese University. Karine worked in the NICU unit at St. George University Hospital in Beirut. Then, she worked as a Midwife in the same hospital for five years. She joined the maternity ward at Danat Al Emarat Hospital in Abu Dhabi in 2021. Karine has a great passion for her role as a Midwife; she believes it is a blessing from God to witness the miracle of life born from another life. She thinks nothing is more beautiful than witnessing this miracle daily through her work. Karine believes that each of us has a specific role in life. She sees her role not as a job but as a vocation where she can assist others, and she is grateful for this blessing.

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