Why does Alzheimer's affect women more than men?

Alzheimer's disease is a condition with many mysteries and unanswered questions. One of these mysteries is that most people diagnosed with Alzheimer's are women, which can cause concern and fear among women. In this article, you will find detailed information about this disease, including its causes and symptoms, how to manage it, and why women are more susceptible to it than men.

Published on:Sep 8th 2023 |Updated on:Jun 10th 2024

What is Alzheimer's disease?

Alzheimer's is a brain disorder that causes a slow deterioration of thinking skills and memory, leading to an inability to perform even the simplest daily tasks. This condition also results in noticeable changes in behavior and personality. It is the most common cause of dementia.

Causes and Risk Factors

There is no clear cause for Alzheimer's disease yet; it remains a mystery that encourages scientists and doctors to continue researching and studying it. However, there are some common risk factors among most people diagnosed with Alzheimer's. Here are some of the most prominent:


Getting older does not necessarily mean developing dementia, Alzheimer's, or memory loss. My grandmother, may she rest in peace, remembered the names of all her grandchildren and even her great-grandchildren and knew our family history by heart until her passing in her late eighties. However, most people diagnosed with Alzheimer's are over 65. Scientists explain that changes occurring in the brain as we age can damage certain neural cells, causing the disease in some individuals.

Genetic Predisposition

While Alzheimer's is not hereditary, having a parent with the disease may make you more susceptible. However, it's not guaranteed that children will develop Alzheimer's if one of their parents has it. There is no specific gene identified as responsible for passing on the disease.

Chronic Diseases

Some research and medical studies have shown a relationship between heart disease, high blood pressure, diabetes, obesity, and the development of Alzheimer's.


An unhealthy lifestyle, including consuming processed foods rich in sugars and harmful fats, smoking, staying up late, lack of exercise, and social isolation, makes a person more susceptible to the disease.

Mental Activity

Recent studies have shown that educated people who engage in lots of mental activities like reading and problem-solving games have a lower rate of Alzheimer's than others.


  • Difficulty finding the right words.
  • Memory loss.
  • Taking longer to complete daily tasks.
  • Repeatedly asking the same questions.
  • Trouble managing finances and paying bills.
  • Misplacing items and forgetting their locations.
  • Increased anxiety and tension.
  • Vision impairment affecting reading abilities.
  • Social isolation.
  • Mood swings.
  • Increased irritability and aggression.

Why Are Women More Affected Than Men?

Longer Lifespan

Since aging is a significant risk factor, women's longer lifespans make them more susceptible.

Autoimmune Diseases

Women have stronger immune systems, partly to protect the fetus during pregnancy. This makes them more prone to autoimmune diseases, which have been linked to higher rates of Alzheimer's.

Social Factors

In societies where women are less involved in mental activities like studying, working, or reading, their risk of developing Alzheimer's is higher.


  • Following a healthy diet rich in natural elements.
  • Engaging in physical activity at least five days a week, even if it's just walking for half an hour.
  • Getting adequate sleep and avoiding staying up late.
  • Regular mental activities like reading or crossword puzzles.
  • Maintaining social connections.


There is no cure or vaccine for Alzheimer's, but some treatments can improve the patient's condition and slow cognitive decline. It's essential to consult with doctors for appropriate advice based on the individual's condition.


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Omooma is the first Online platform offering classes in Arabic dedicated to mothers and mothers-to-be. In addition to content covering many relevant topics, women’s health, pregnancy, fertility, child’s health, and parenting. Omooma’s articles are written by medical writers, based on extensive research, and reviewed by a panel of experts who are part of the largest team of experts available in the region in all fields related to the journey of motherhood.

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