Some women get diagnosed with gestational diabetes even though they didn’t have any blood sugar issues before. What is gestational Diabetes? And what are the available treatment options available? Answers to these questions and more are in this article.
Diabetes is a disease characterized by the inability to produce or use sufficient endogenous insulin to metabolize glucose properly.
Is a type of Diabetes that develops for the first time during pregnancy. Metabolism of glucose fats and protein is altered during pregnancy. 1% of pregnant women are diagnosed with Pregestational diabetes. Expecting mothers are diagnosed with either gestational or pregestational diabetes.
Gestational diabetes is diagnosed through a two-step process that begins with an oral glucose challenge test performed at 24 to 28 weeks. If results are abnormal a confirmatory 3- hour 100-g glucose tolerance test is done. Once diagnosed, the mother needs to undergo certain screening tests to ensure her health and her baby's health.
A pregnant woman with pregestational diabetes should undergo the following testing:
- The diet should consist of 33 to 40% carbohydrates, with the remaining 20% protein and 40% fat.
- Complex carbohydrates are preferred.
- A daily intake of 3 meals and 2 snacks
- Moderate exercise is also recommended.
Gestational diabetes is treated either with insulin or oral medications.
Women with good glycemic control can wait until 39 to 40 weeks to start the treatment.
After delivery woman should be screened for diabetes 6 to 12 weeks postpartum.