Causes and Signs of Miscarriage Miscariage

Experiencing a miscarriage or spontaneous abortion can be a devastating event for any woman expecting a child. Miscarriages typically occur within the first 20 weeks of pregnancy, most commonly during the initial three months. While it's a distressing experience, understanding the signs of miscarriage, its causes, and recovery process can provide crucial support and guidance during such a challenging time. Read on to learn more about this topic.

Published on:May 12th 2024
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Signs of Miscarriage

Signs of Miscarriage vary depending on the stage of pregnancy. Sometimes, it can happen so swiftly that you might not even realize you were pregnant before the loss of pregnancy occurs.

However, common signs include:

  • Heavy spotting.
  • Vaginal bleeding and the discharge of tissue or fluid from the vagina.
  • Severe abdominal or back pain, along with cramping.

If any of these symptoms arise during pregnancy, seeking medical attention is essential. While experiencing these signs doesn't necessarily mean a miscarriage has occurred, consulting with a doctor can provide clarity and necessary support.


Understanding the causes of miscarriage can help women navigate this complicated event. While many factors contributing to miscarriage are beyond your control, certain risk factors and underlying conditions can increase the probability of experiencing the loss of pregnancy.

Genetic or chromosome abnormalities play a significant role in many miscarriages. Issues such as intrauterine fetal death, anembryonic pregnancy(pregnancy with no embryo or developing baby), or molar pregnancy can disrupt fetal development. These abnormalities often result from random errors during cell division or damaged egg or sperm cells.

Additionally, underlying health conditions and lifestyle habits can interfere with fetal development. Factors such as poor diet, alcohol or drug use, advanced maternal age, untreated medical conditions, infections, trauma, or certain medications can contribute to miscarriage risk.

Prioritizing prenatal care and consulting with healthcare providers regarding any concerns or potential risk factors during pregnancy is crucial.

Is it a Miscarriage or just a period?

Differentiating between a miscarriage and a menstrual period can be challenging, especially during early pregnancy. Both may involve bleeding and cramping, making it essential to consider various factors when assessing the situation.

Symptoms such as severe or worsening abdominal or back pain, along with the passage of fluids and large clots, could indicate a miscarriage. The duration and intensity of symptoms can also differ between a miscarriage and a period. Consulting with a healthcare provider is essential if heavy bleeding or suspected miscarriage occurs.

Risk Factors

Most miscarriages occur within the first trimester of pregnancy, with the highest risk during the earliest weeks. While the risk decreases after the first trimester, complications can still arise at any point in pregnancy.

Certain risk factors can increase the likelihood of miscarriage, including:

  • Physical trauma.
  • Substance use.
  • Chronic medical conditions
  • Issues with the uterus or cervix.
  • Advanced maternal age also contributes to higher miscarriage risk, particularly for women over 35 years old.

Despite these risk factors, experiencing one miscarriage doesn't necessarily increase the likelihood of subsequent miscarriages. Most women go on to have successful pregnancies after a single miscarriage, recurrent miscarriages being relatively rare.

Miscarriage Types

Miscarriages can manifest in various forms, each requiring specific diagnosis and treatment. Here are the main types of miscarriages:

  • Complete miscarriages involve the expulsion of all pregnancy tissues.
  • Incomplete miscarriages indicate retained tissue in the uterus.
  • Missed miscarriage, also known as a missed abortion or a silent miscarriage, occurs when a fetus is no longer alive. Still, the body does not recognize the pregnancy loss or expel the pregnancy tissue.
  • Threatened miscarriage, it is where there is vaginal bleeding during pregnancy. It does not always mean that you will lose the baby.
  • An inevitable miscarriage is a miscarriage that can't be avoided because you're bleeding, cramping, and your cervix is open.

Each one of these types presents unique challenges and considerations for treatment.


Treatment options range from expectant management, allowing the body to naturally pass remaining tissue, to medical or surgical interventions to remove retained tissue. The choice of treatment depends on individual circumstances and medical recommendations.


Recovery from a miscarriage involves both physical healing and emotional processing. While physical symptoms such as spotting and discomfort may subside within weeks, emotional healing often takes longer.

Seeking support from loved ones, counseling, or support groups can help navigate the grieving process and cope with feelings of loss and sadness.

When considering trying to conceive again, it's essential to prioritize both physical and emotional readiness. Consulting with healthcare providers can guide conception plans and potential underlying causes if multiple miscarriages occur.


Miscarriage is a deeply personal and often challenging experience for women and couples expecting a child. By understanding the signs, causes, and recovery process associated with miscarriage, a woman can better navigate this difficult journey with support, compassion, and resilience. Seeking medical care, embracing support networks, and prioritizing self-care are vital steps in healing and moving forward after a miscarriage.

OmoomaOmooma | First Online Arabic Motherhood Training Platform

Omooma is the first Online platform offering classes in Arabic dedicated to mothers and mothers-to-be. In addition to content covering many relevant topics, women’s health, pregnancy, fertility, child’s health, and parenting. Omooma’s articles are written by medical writers, based on extensive research, and reviewed by a panel of experts who are part of the largest team of experts available in the region in all fields related to the journey of motherhood.

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