Despite thinking we're okay, we may be suffering from traumas, whether we are aware of it or not, because it affects each one of us differently. In this article, I'll discuss trauma, its types, how its symptoms manifest, and the crucial steps to recover from emotional and psychological traumas.
Trauma is not about the specific event or experience that happened to us that we believe caused our trauma, but it is our perception and response to that event or experience. Trauma may not necessarily occur suddenly; it can be a developmental experience that accumulates emotionally and psychologically. Often, trauma's starting point is in our childhood, and it usually affects the mental, physical, and emotional health of individuals.
For example, childbirth itself is not a traumatic experience. However, some women may go through difficulties and challenges during childbirth that may develop a trauma that affects them psychologically and physically and may impact their relationship with their children.
It's worth mentioning that two people can live the same experience and have two completely different outcomes! For one, it might become traumatic, while the other might not be affected similarly.
One type of trauma, as mentioned earlier, is not due to a sudden event but due to an ongoing development that may repeat daily. A prime example is childhood traumatic experiences many endure due to how parents treat them as children. The repetition of hurtful phrases to a child can leave a lasting impact, causing psychological trauma that affects the rest of their lives.
Experts emphasize that the absence of two fundamental factors in our lives creates fertile ground for traumas: a sense of security and being loved. Therefore, when working with traumatized individuals who have experienced a lack of love and security, the first step in effective treatment is to make them feel secure so they can communicate and express their feelings.
This type, written with a capital T, emphasizes the intensity of the experience. Examples include exposure to rape or experiencing catastrophic events like wars, disasters, and other severe crises, where the impact is profound and evident.
This type, written with a lowercase t, is less intense. Many individuals experience this type due to specific events or experiences that impact the mind and body.
Experts affirm that most symptoms of trauma are both psychological and physical, arising from the disconnection that it creates between emotions and the body. This detachment often manifests as various medical conditions, including:
These symptoms may suddenly appear years after exposure to Trauma, often affecting adults due to emotional neglect or cruelty experienced during childhood.
There is no definitive treatment for traumas yet, but successful therapeutic approaches exist. Treating traumas is a process that requires time and a deliberate effort to recover and reconnect with one's emotions. The main steps in trauma treatment are:
Connecting the mind and body and recognizing that pain is a result of trauma can be enhanced through practices such as meditation, yoga, somatic therapies, and other techniques that promote the connection between the body and emotions.